Fiction Terms

Character:  person or animal that takes part in a literary work

Protagonist: The main character; the hero

Antagonist: The character who is in conflict with the protagonist in some way; the “bad guy”

Static: Character stays the same

Dynamic: Character changes in some way

Plot:   sequence of events in a story (exposition, conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution)

Exposition:  This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Here the characters are introduced. We also learn about the setting of the story. Most importantly, we are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).

Conflict:  a struggle between two opposing forces

rising action:  reveals the problem(s) or conflict(s) in the story

flashback:   a memory of an event in the past,

complications:   a situation that makes the protagonist’s life difficult

climax:  point of highest interest or suspense

falling action:  explains the result of the climax

resolution:  outcome, result

theme:  central message, purpose, or concern of a literary work

setting:  time and place